All this applies only to the courts of first instance. Appellate courts in the United States are not investigators, so they do not use jurors or receive evidence in the case; That is the task of the Court of First Instance.  As a result, there is no witness stand or jury box in an appellate court, and the bank is much larger to accommodate multiple judges or judges. Behind the well of the court is the dock where the accused will sit during the trial. Depending on the style of the courtroom, the jury box is located on the right or left side of the court shaft. Scotland is unique in the Western world because it has 15 judges. The clerk/clerk of the court sits at the front of the court, just below the judge. They take an oath before the jury and coordinate legal proceedings. On one side, there is the judge`s bench, the tables of the plaintiff, the defendant and his respective counsel, and a separate group of seats known as the jury box, in which the jury sits. Apart from parties to the case and witnesses, only lawyers can literally go through the bar association (court staff and jury members usually enter through separate doors), and that is why the term bar association refers to the legal profession as a whole (see Bar Association). There is usually a podium or lectern between the two tables where lawyers can stand when arguing their case before the judge.
There is usually an open space between the bench and the advisory tables, due to the clerk`s and court stenographer`s tables in front of the bank and the jury box on the side. This room is called a fountain. It is extremely disrespectful to the court [why?] that people who are not employees of the court “go directly through the well” without permission — that is, to go directly to the judiciary above the well — and some courts have rules that explicitly prohibit that.  When documents are to be handed over or taken from the judge, lawyers are generally expected to contact the clerk or bailiff acting as an intermediary. During the hearings, the lawyers will ask the court for permission to cross the well or “approach the bank” to have “side” conferences with the judge. There may be times when lawyers and the judge need time to discuss a legal issue. The judge will ask the jury to leave the court for a short time. Once the case is resolved, the jury will be invited to return to the courtroom.
In a criminal court where the defendant is detained before appearing in court, the defendant is accompanied by the security company that has the contract to serve that court. In civil proceedings, in rare cases, a bailiff or other person responsible for maintaining order may be present (for example. B when a tenant who is to be evicted for violent behaviour or a defendant appears drunk in court). Unless prevented from doing so by a disability, lawyers are required to appeal to the court from the position in which they sat before turning to the court. In a few cases, para. B example, in cases involving vulnerable adult or child witnesses, the witness may sit in a separate room of the courthouse and testify in court using video connection devices. A vulnerable adult or child may have an intermediary present to help them testify in court. For more information, see the British Columbia Courts Policy on the Use of Electronic Devices in Courtrooms. (The policy allows for limited use of certain devices by accredited lawyers and journalists.) During the pandemic, witnesses must wait outside the courthouse at a distance of thirty minutes so that they can attend after being contacted to testify. Next to the bench are the witness stand and the offices where the clerk and court reporter sit.
The courtroom is divided into two parts by a barrier known as a bar. The bar can be a real balustrade or an imaginary barrier. The bailiff stands (or sits) on a wall and ensures order in the courtroom. Usually, to the right or left of the bench (again depending on the style and always directly in front of the jury) slightly raised and facing forward is the gallery where each summoned witness will testify. The bar is designed so that any lawyer who hears a witness, as well as the judge/sheriff, can have a good overview of the testimony. On the other side of the courtroom, right in front of the jury box and behind the rostrum, are seats for journalists connected to the court and the court`s social worker. Seats for the public are located at the back of the courtroom. Prosecutors or defense lawyers might “challenge” you if they think you shouldn`t serve as a juror. You have to give a good reason.
If the judge accepts his reasoning, you are not allowed to act as a juror in that particular trial. But you might be called upon to serve on the jury in another case. Also known as avocados, lawyers wear black robes and wigs. The prosecutor`s lawyer presents the evidence against the accused to the court. The defense lawyer presents the accused`s file and questions the prosecution`s evidence. It is important that you know the number of your jury. The court uses numbers, not names, when selecting jurors. At the beginning of the trial, the clerk randomly chooses the jury numbers. The case follows a fixed pattern. The registrar reads the indictment against the accused. There are many types of witnesses who can be called during a case.
Witnesses may be forensic pathologists, police officers, medical experts, eyewitnesses and others. Some evidence is very detailed and specialized. Listen carefully to all the evidence and pay attention to all the exhibits, as this is the basis on which you must decide your judgment. In trials conducted by a judge and in many other proceedings, a clerk sits at the bottom desk in front of the judge. Clerks have many responsibilities that are essential to the work of the Provincial Court. .